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Water Engineering and Development Centre

Resource details

On-site sanitation in areas with a high groundwater table [Reviewed and Updated: Rebecca Scott, September 2005; Quality assurance: Sandy Cairncross]

Author(s): Parry-Jones, Sarah  |  Scott, Rebecca  |  Cairncross, Sandy

Publisher: WEDC
Place of publication: Loughborough University, UK
Year: 2005

Series: WELL Fact Sheet
Collection(s): WELL


In areas that experience a seasonally high groundwater table or that are prone to flooding, constructing affordable on-site sanitation facilities can be very problematic. It is a challenge that affects many countries worldwide. This technical brief provides practical guidance on some sanitation options in such conditions. More details on each option outlined can be found in the references in the further reading section.

A preventative approach includes land-use planning, to avoid building homes in areas with a high ground-water table and examining the causes of the high groundwater table and flooding, which may be due to poor drainage provision. As this is not always possible, other options may need to be considered.

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