Developing knowledge and capacity in water and sanitation
During the 1990s events in the Balkans, the ex-Soviet republics, Afghanistan and Northern Iraq have demonstrated that human disasters are not limited to tropical regions of the world. In cold or mountainous regions, relief workers are faced with particular technical challenges, such as the prevention of damage to pipes and equipment caused by freezing temperatures. Following on from Technical Brief No. 44 (Emergency water supply) this Brief provides additional material for emergency and post-emergency water and sanitation staff working in regions with cool or cold climates, where freezing temperatures are likely.